Al Tobias (wat4y) - Office: Gibson S123 & Physics 218, (434) 924-0538

# Physics Demo Manual

Demonstrations are cataloged according to PIRA Bibliography

Due to Physics Building renovations, the lead time to set up demo requests has increased due to the need to transport equipment across campus. Please be kind and let me know well ahead of time what you need.

 Choose a Topic or Enter a keyword to search: I cannot find what I want! You have selected the following Demos: None Selected

Choose a subtopic:
Measurement
Motion In One Dimension
Motion In Two Dimensions
Newton's First Law
Newton's Second Law
Newton's Third Law
Statics Of Rigid Bodies
video  - Center of Mass of Virginia
video  - Center of Mass Toys
Stacking Blocks
video  - Stability Track
photos  - Tension in a String
Rope and Three Students
photos  - Knot in Static Equilibrium
Force and Tension
The Roman Arch
Rotational Equilibrium
video  - Giant Yo-Yo
Applications Of Newton's Laws
Gravity
Work and Energy
Momentum
Rotational Motion
Properties of Matter

### video  - Giant Yo-Yo

#### Purpose:

A non-intuitive demonstration of torques acting on a rigid body

#### Procedure:

DEMO VIDEO DOWNLOAD - LD - 854x480 / 5.69Mbps - 74MB size

By pulling on the string, the yo-yo can be forced to roll either towards or away from you. The direction that the yo-yo rolls depends on the angle the string makes with the vertical as well as the relative size of the axle of the yo-yo (see figure). This can be seen easily by looking at the torques about the point of contact between the yo-yo and the floor. If a force is applied to the string such that the string makes an angle theta with the vertical axis as shown below, there is no net torque about the point of contact so the yo-yo will not roll. If the string is pulled such that the angle it makes with the vertical is less than theta, there will be a net torque out of the picture and the yo-yo will move to the left. Increasing the angle so it is greater than theta will cause the yo-yo to move to the right. The critical angle can be found experimentally by applying a constant tension to the string and allowing the yo-yo to come to rest.

#### Hints:

For the yo-yo in the picture:

r = 4.3 cm
R = 12.3 cm
m = 780 g